Depression is categorized as a mood disorder which is characterized by persistently depressed mood or loss of interest in activities, causing significant problems in everyday life. It is also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression, it affects how a person feels, think and behave. Depression may require long-term treatment. Depression can affect anyone at almost any age.

What causes Depression?

Depression isn’t a simple condition with a known cause. Some people are more susceptible to depressive episodes while others are not. There are several possible causes of depression.


Depression may be an inherited condition. Most researchers suspect that having parents or siblings with depression may be a risk factor. The exact genes involved are not known. It’s believed that many genes may play a factor in causing depression.


Depression is believed to be caused by an imbalance in neurotransmitters which are involved in mood regulation.

Neurotransmitters in the brain — specifically serotonin, dopamine, or norepinephrine — affect feelings of happiness and pleasure and may be out of balance in people with depression. Antidepressants work to balance these neurotransmitters, mainly serotonin.


Trauma, a big change, or struggle in life can trigger a case of depression. Stressful life events may lead to high levels of cortisol, this may affect the levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin.

Some myths and facts about depression:

Myth: It’s Not a Real Illness

Depression is often confused with ordinary sadness. Depression is a complex mental health disorder. It has social, psychological, and biological origins, and it can be treated in a variety of ways.

Myth: Depression Is Just Self-Pity and you can snap out of it

Our culture admires willpower and mental toughness and is quick to label anyone who falls back as a whiner.No one chooses to be depressed. Some people mistakenly believe that it happens when you allow yourself to wallow in your grief or sadness. They may think it can be cured with positive thoughts or a change in attitude. In reality, depression isn’t a sign of self-pity, weakness, or lazinessDepression is a medical illness — a health problem related to changes in the brain. Like other illnesses, it usually improves with appropriate treatment.

Myth: Help Means antidepressants for Life

Antidepressants provide a long-term treatment option for many people with depression. But the length of time that you’re advised to take them can vary based on the severity of your condition and your prescribed treatment plan

Myth: If your parents have depression so will you

Just because your parents or other family members have experienced it doesn’t mean that you will too. But experts aren’t sure how significant genetics are in determining your risk of depression. However, It’s wise to be aware of your family history